Wednesday, 14 June 2017

What is cancer ? How to Treat Cancer - Best medical Treatments for Cancer

What is cancer ?

Cancer can start any place in the body. It starts when cells grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. This makes it hard for the body to work the way it should.
Cancer can be treated very well for many people. In fact, more people than ever before lead full lives after cancer treatment.
Here we will explain what cancer is and how it’s treated. You’ll find a list of words about cancer and what they mean at the end of this booklet.

what is cancer

How does cancer begins :

Your body is made up of 100 million million cells. Cancer can start when just one of them begins to grow and multiply too much. The result is a growth called a tumour. Benign tumours are localised growths - they only cause problems if they put pressure on nearby tissues, such as the brain. Much more serious are malignant tumours, which invade the surrounding body tissues. Some malignant tumours also spread throughout the body via the bloodstream.

how to cancer start

How cancer spreads :

Cancer cells can spread from where they started to other parts of the body, where they can grow into new tumours. This process is called metastasis.

Cancer can spread in 3 ways:

* invasion (direct extension) – The tumour grows into surrounding tissues or structures.
* through the bloodstream (hematogenous spread) – Cancer cells break away from the tumour, enter the bloodstream and travel to a new location in the body.
* through the lymphatic system – Cancer cells break away from the tumour and travel through the lymph vessels and lymph nodes to other parts of the body.

cancer spread our body

How is cancer treated?

There are many types of cancer treatment. The types of treatment that you have will depend on the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. But most people have a combination of treatments, such as surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. You may also have immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy.
Clinical trials might also be an option for you. Clinical trials are research studies that involve people. Understanding what they are and how they work can help you decide if taking part in a trial is a good option for you.
When you need treatment for cancer, you have a lot to learn and think about. It is normal to feel overwhelmed and confused. But, talking with your doctor and learning all you can about all your treatment options, including clinical trials, can help you make a decision you feel good about. Our Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Treatment may help.

Individual types of cancer :

They  are  different  types of cancers. Cancer may occur anywhere in the body. In women, breast cancer is one of the most common. In men, it’s prostate cancer. Lung cancer and colorectal cancer affect both men and women in high numbers.

This list of common cancer types includes cancers :

  • Breast Cancer
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer 
  • Colon and Rectal Cancer
  • Endometrial Cancer
  • Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 
  • Leukemia
  • LiverLung Cancer
  • Melanoma
  • Thyroid Cancer 
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer

Who is the Best Doctors For Cancer Treatment :

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